2nd November 2012.
June 6th 1801 Peace Treaty of Badajoz is signed between Portugal on one side, and on the other side Spain and France and the following agreed,
a) Portugal would give Olivenza to Spain.
b) Portugal would close its ports to British ships.
c) Portugal would pay France an indemnification of 15 million pounds.
The Treaty of Badajoz stipulated that the breach of any of its articles would lead to its cancellation, which came to pass in 1807.
By signing the Treaty of Fontainbleau and invading Portugal, Spain brought about the cancellation of the Treaty of Badajoz, losing the rights that it had acquired in Olivenza,
NB. This Treaty was in fact broken and in breach of the other signed treaty Spain had to return Olivenza to Portugal, the year 1807 that is 205 years ago as you well know Spain still occupies Olivenza.
Stage two, in 1659 the Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed between France and Spain after the Thirty Years War and although various aspects were decided the most important was to establish a new border with Spain at the Pyrenees and this stipulated that all villages north of the Pyrenees should become part of France and surprise, surprise, Llivia was considered a town and therefore Spain stayed with it and is still Spanish, once again a time lapse of 353 years, in none of the two treaties does the word perpetuity appear.